first_img By Daily NK – 2015.09.23 1:58pm RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR ◆Why the need for AM frequency broadcast? According to North Korean listeners thattune in to radio broadcasts from the South, sound quality is the main reasonfor the fluctuating amount of listeners. It was also reported that, becauseradio channels are locked on state-controlled stations, it can take roughly anhour just to tune into the broadcasts, as citizens try to avoid crackdowns. Therefore, listeners tend to tune in tobroadcasts based on audibility of the station rather than on personal contentpreference. When they end up finding an interesting program, most will searchfor it again later, however the majority will base further listening off of thestation’s sound quality. In South Korea, the current frequencies inuse can be mainly be broken down into FM, AM, and shortwave radio. FMfrequencies are the clearest but cannot reach far into North Korea. Shortwave frequenciescan travel long distances, but the sound quality is unstable and doesn’t makefor a good listening experience. On the other hand, AM frequencies, found inthe 100kWh range, are able to penetrate the current jamming technology employedby Pyongyang and extend to more areas of North Korea, making it much easier forlisteners to tune in. Choi Kyu Won (pseudonym, age 54), a formermilitary cadre, gave his impressions of the radio broadcasts via hisexperiences listening in the North. “AM frequency programs via Radio Free Asia and Korean Broadcasting System’s (KBS) ‘OnePeople Radio’ (Han Minjok Bangsong) were the most audible. Other than that, you could sometimes stumbleonto one of the broadcasts from unofficial groups but if you try to find itagain later the sound quality was either really poor or it was too difficult tocorrectly land on the correct frequency.” Added Mr. Choi, “North Korean authoritiespurposefully assign the state-run media broadcasts very close to the samefrequencies that of many of the outside broadcasts. This commonly causes ablending of the two stations which jumbles the transmission, making it verydifficult to understand. Without AM frequencies, there’s no way to effectivelyreach anything past the provinces of North and South Hwanghae.” According to Song Kyeong Jin (pseudonym,age 42), a North Korean defector, “I was surprised to find that broadcasts fromoutside South Korea, such as the U.S.’s Radio Free Asia and Voice of America,were the easiest to hear. It was only after arriving in South Korea that Irealized that the local broadcasts are much more in-tune with the minds of theNorth Korean people. It really is a shame that these broadcasts can’t be heard morereadily within the North. ◆Upgrading sound quality of broadcasts targeting North Korea imperative to driving change Both KBS’ “One People Radio” and Ministry ofDefense’s ‘Voice of Freedom’ domestic radio broadcasts have been allotted AMfrequencies and are transmitting into the North. Meanwhile, NGO-based broadcasting organizations such as Unification Media Group (UMG) and NorthKorea Reform Radio have been sending short wave radio broadcasts into the Northfor over 10 years via transmission stations in Central Asia.  Despite awealth of knowledge and expertise, due to a lack of AM frequency and highproduction costs, these broadcasts are limited in their reach and audibility,thus making it difficult to garner more listeners within the isolated nation. Recently, ruling Saenuri Partyrepresentative Ha Tae Kyung, alongside Kim Eul Dong, proposed the “North KoreaPrivate Broadcasting Production Aid Bill”, which aims to both allocate mediumwave frequencies and production funds to NGO-based broadcasting organizationslike Unification Media Group. However, at present, it remains unclear whetherthe bill will make it through the National Assembly. Also, while it is truethat the civil society, including some political entities, have suggested theallocation of AM frequencies to private broadcasting organizations, they haveconsistently met opposition over the argument that it will worsen inter-Koreanrelations. Lee Kwang Baek, president of UMG [the radioleg of which has been broadcasting into the North for over 10 years], pointedout, “Recently, radio broadcasts using the FM band in South Korea have rapidlyincreased, but there are still plenty of idle AM frequencies available. So, I’mcurious why the government, which places great importance on reunification, isso reluctant to assign these leftover frequencies to private broadcastingentities.” President Lee dismissed worries concerningthe potential degradation of inter-Korean relations, stating, “Our broadcastsdiffer from the anti-North loudspeaker transmissions in that they can’t bephysically seen. They are not a hindrance to inter-Korean relations, butinstead a means to bring change to the North Korean people. Furthermore, NorthKorea has also been transmitting into the South from various stations along theborder with its “Echo of Reunification” propaganda broadcast, which began on December1, 2012. It’s hypocritical for the regime to denounce us on the issue.” Mr. Kim Il Nam (pseudonym, 48), a defectorand former listener of North Korea-targeted broadcasts, emphasized, “NorthKoreans who listen to even a low-quality radio broadcast once become hooked,searching it out again and again like a drug. Given that over an estimated 70%of North Korean citizens now have access to a radio, an increase in broadcastquality will inevitably lead to wide-scale enlightenment.” Mr. Kim added, “Power capable ofinstigating internal change, in a North Korea that is suppressed by Kim Jong’siron fist, is currently lacking. These North Korea-targeted broadcasts need tobe the catalyst for revolution. After unification, if politicians want to honorablyclaim they played a role in bringing the two Koreas together then support forNGO-based broadcasting into North Korea should not be put off any longer.” President Lee stressed that while only anestimated 2-4% of North Koreans are thought to be listening to the NGO-basedbroadcasts, it is imperative to remember that the statistic is from insignificant; it represents as many as200-400 thousand North Korean citizens (of the adult population). By securingan AM frequency to improve transmission quality and range, this number could comfortably jump to 1-2 million people–a robust contingent capable of of reshaping the countryand bringing about change. “The content of the broadcasts mustdiversify in order to bring systematic change to North Koreans on all levels ofsociety. This is why private broadcasting organizations are developing variousprograms based on accurate understanding of the people. I’m confident thatbroadcasting over AM will become the “signal flare” that leads to theenlightenment of the North Korean people,” Lee asserted. News SHARE Facebook Twitter North Korea tries to accelerate building of walls and fences along border with China Hamhung man arrested for corruption while working at a state-run department storecenter_img News News News Ordinary Pyongyang residents have not received government rations since mid-April AM frequency pivotal to accelerate change in NK AvatarDaily NKQuestions or comments about this article? Contact us at [email protected] last_img read more

first_img Verizon shuffles executives Author AT&T emerged as a contender for Yahoo after reportedly submitting a bid for the company’s core internet business, potentially setting up a face-off with US rival Verizon to secure the acquisition.The US telecoms giant had so far stayed on the sidelines in the battle to acquire Yahoo’s up for sale internet unit, which has seen it hold talks with a number of suitors, including AT&T’s major rival Verizon.Bloomberg reports AT&T had decided not to make an offer up until now after harbouring hopes it could facilitate a merger with Yahoo through its 47 per cent stake in digital advertising firm YP Holdings, but the latter is now reportedly not interested in pursuing such a transaction.Verizon has long been considered as the frontrunner to buy Yahoo, and remains favourite, despite not submitting one of the biggest offers in the first round of bidding, adds Bloomberg. Yahoo has so far received more than 10 offers, ranging from between $4 billion and $8 billion, with the sale process likely to continue for another two to three weeks.AT&T, which ended a 15-year web alliance with Yahoo earlier this month, could use Yahoo to help it compete with Verizon, which acquired AOL last year, and already owns advertising and media assets, similar to Yahoo’s business.Despite AT&T’s interests, Verizon is still the more likely suitor for Yahoo, added sources, because of the synergies with AOL.Other bidders include an investor group made up of Bain Capital, Vista Equity Partners and former Yahoo CEO Ross Levinsohn. Detroit investor Dan Gilbert, backed by billionaire Warren Buffett, has also been linked.Yahoo officially announced it would explore a sale in February, following pressure from investors. The company last month reported a Q1 revenue fall of 11.3 per cent and a net loss of $99 million. Previous ArticleUnomer lets businesses embed surveys into appsNext ArticleMicrosoft news app gets a chatbot Kavit Majithia AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInLinkedInShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to MoreAddThisMore 26 MAY 2016 Kavit joined Mobile World Live in May 2015 as Content Editor. He started his journalism career at the Press Association before joining Euromoney’s graduate scheme in April 2010. Read More >> Read more Home AT&T makes Yahoo bid – report Tags Verizon sorts sensor supremo Related Amazon reels in MGM AT&TVerizonYahoolast_img read more