Nazism was clearly inspired in no small part by Darwin’s theory, and Arendt notes that Marx and Engels explicitly credited Darwin with insights essential to Marxism. She points out Requesting a (Partial) Retraction from Darrel Falk and BioLogos Culture & Ethics Terror is the means by which atomization is accomplished. Terror is not just fear, in the ordinary sense. Fear is specific to a threat — I may have a fear of heights or of snakes. I can assuage my fear by avoiding heights and snakes, and thus fear becomes a motivating factor that leads me to specific adaptive behaviors. It is exactly this motivation that totalitarians seek to extinguish, because in the totalitarian paradigm, all of my movement must be controlled by the state. Thus the totalitarian uses terror, which is something very different from fear. The essential characteristic of terror that sets it apart from fear is terror’s absolute unpredictability. Terror is constant dread of the unknown that cannot be avoided or assuaged. A Soviet citizen could not know when or if or where or why he would be arrested. The knock on the door could come at home at night or at work at noon or on the street anytime. It could be a warning or a deportation or a death sentence. He could, at a moment’s notice, be on a train to Siberia, to serve a 3-year sentence or 15-year sentence for a crime he had never heard of or that was never quite specified or even no crime at all. Or perhaps he would never be arrested, but live in a kind of suspended animation, waiting for the knock that never comes. Totalitarian terror pervades life and extinguishes purposeful attainment of any ordinary individual goals. Terror is the wait for the unknown. “A Summary of the Evidence for Intelligent Design”: The Study Guide Terror, Not Just Fear Origin of Life: Brian Miller Distills a Debate Between Dave Farina and James Tour Marxists and Nazis understood Darwinism as the paradigm in the natural sciences of what they were doing in the economic and social sciences. Totalitarianism is (as understood by its architects) evolution by natural selection, red in tooth and claw. Totalitarianism is facilitated evolution — Darwinism — applied to politics. A useful analogy (mine, not Arendt’s) is to think of traditional society as a glacier — a large mass of frozen ice, with its own characteristic shape and location. It is, in any ordinary span of time, immobile. Totalitarianism turns the glacier (of people) into a river, a torrent of liquid water in constant unidirectional motion. To do so, totalitarians must melt society, which entails atomization, terror, and paralysis. Atomization and terror create paralysis, which is the indispensable state of individuals in a totalitarian state. Radical isolation from any social network and constant terror prevent individuals from acting on their own. They are rendered docile, helpless and paralyzed. This is the only state in which millions of people can be moved in a single direction with minimal effort — the only way that a minority of totalitarian rulers — often just a handful of fanatics — can commandeer a nation the size of Russia or Germany or China to move in a single direction. A Glacier Becomes a River And it is in movement — “The Movement” (an apt name for totalitarian politics) — that Darwin was so important to totalitarians. All totalitarian movements justify their atomization, terrorizing, paralyzing and commandeering of a nation by the conviction that all of mankind is inexorably moving in a single direction via a process of violence. This may be a conflict based on class or on race. The evolution of humanity from capitalism to dictatorship of the proletariat or from racial miscegenation to triumph of the Aryan race is (in the totalitarian paradigm) an evolution of nature by a dialectic of struggle. Nature cannot be denied or successfully resisted, and any temporary resistance is a denial of natural law, every bit as futile and insane as denial of gravity or natural selection. Underlying the Nazi’s belief in race laws as the expression of the law of nature in man, is Darwin’s idea of man as the product of a natural development which does not necessarily stop with the present species of human beings, just as under the Bolsheviks’ belief in class-struggle as the expression of the law of history lies Marx’s notion of society as the product of a gigantic historical movement which races according to its own law of motion to the end of historical times when it will abolish itself. An Unprecedented Phenomenon Atomization is the radical isolation of each individual from every other individual. Atomization breaks the bonds that hold society in its traditional shape — the breakage of family ties, of religious affinity, of ordinary social clubs and organizations, of labor unions, etc. The goal is to disconnect every person from every other person, akin to melting a glacier into liquid water. Email Print Google+ Linkedin Twitter Share TagsAryan raceatomizationBolsheviksCambodiaChinaCOVID-19DachauDarwinismdialecticdry runevolutionFriedrich EngelsGermanyHannah ArendtKarl MarxKhmer Rougelabor unionslootingLubyankaMaoistsmovementnatural lawnatural selectionNazispandemicparalysisReichstag fireriotingRussiasocial clubsterrorThe Origins of Totalitarianismtotalitarianismunpredictabilityvandalism,Trending Email Print Google+ Linkedin Twitter Share Photo: Reichstag fire, February 27, 1933, via Wikimedia Commons. Our Reichstag Fire? In this regard, our response to COVID-19 is a bit chilling. Although some measures we take to contain the pandemic are beneficial, the measures replicate, in a way that makes me quite uncomfortable, the atomization, terror, and paralysis that are essential to totalitarian government. Face masks, social distancing, prohibitions on religious or social gathering, and pervasive uncertainty and fear of contagion are strikingly analogous to the routine measures used to impose totalitarian government. COVID seems at times a bit like a 21st-century Reichstag fire. The remarkable legal exceptions to the forced atomization and paralysis of our pandemic response — the casual permission granted to mass movements, to protest, vandalism, looting, rioting, and mass violence, which are (bizarrely) accompanied by strict prohibition of ordinary religious and social gathering — certainly has a totalitarian feel, regardless of the stated or actual intentions of our policy-makers. A Physician Describes How Behe Changed His MindLife’s Origin — A “Mystery” Made AccessibleCodes Are Not Products of PhysicsIxnay on the Ambriancay PlosionexhayDesign Triangulation: My Thanksgiving Gift to All Congratulations to Science Magazine for an Honest Portrayal of Darwin’s Descent of Man Michael EgnorSenior Fellow, Center for Natural & Artificial IntelligenceMichael R. Egnor, MD, is a Professor of Neurosurgery and Pediatrics at State University of New York, Stony Brook, has served as the Director of Pediatric Neurosurgery, and award-winning brain surgeon. He was named one of New York’s best doctors by the New York Magazine in 2005. He received his medical education at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and completed his residency at Jackson Memorial Hospital. His research on hydrocephalus has been published in journals including Journal of Neurosurgery, Pediatrics, and Cerebrospinal Fluid Research. He is on the Scientific Advisory Board of the Hydrocephalus Association in the United States and has lectured extensively throughout the United States and Europe.Follow MichaelProfile Share The word “movement” is the key to understanding the Darwinian foundation of totalitarianism. Arendt is right to point out that totalitarianism has no precedent in human history. It is an utterly new form of government. Traditional governments — monarchy, aristocracy, oligarchy, autocracy, democracy, even tyranny — despite their substantial differences, are static, in the sense that they aim basically to preserve an (often idealized) social order. Even the autocrat and the tyrant worked to maintain the status quo — their own unchallenged power. Totalitarianism introduced a novel dynamic into human affairs. Indeed, “dynamic” is the right word. Totalitarianism introduced movement into politics. By movement, Arendt does not mean the kind of internecine give-and-take one sees in democratic politics or even the kind of active violence one sees in tyranny. She means massive compelled unidirectional movement — powerful forced flow of an entire nation in a single direction. Totalitarians are always a minority — think of the Bolsheviks or the Nazis or the Maoists or the Khmer Rouge — and moving a nation the size of Russia or Germany or China or even Cambodia is a herculean task. To accomplish this movement — analogous to herding millions of livestock — totalitarians use three strategies that are at the core of totalitarian politics: atomization, terror, and paralysis. Evolution Totalitarianism Is Darwinism Applied to PoliticsMichael EgnorJuly 20, 2020, 4:38 PM Jane Goodall Meets the God Hypothesis …the great and positive interest Marx took in Darwin’s theories; Engels could not think of a greater compliment to Marx’s scholarly achievements than to call him the “Darwin of history”… the movement of history and the movement of nature are one and the same. This is not to suggest that the response to COVID is a deliberate use of totalitarian tactics, but only a fool would deny that it at least has the flavor of a dry run. Recommended Photo: Reichstag fire, February 27, 1933, via Wikimedia Commons. Philosopher Hannah Arendt is, in my view, the most perceptive analyst of totalitarianism. In her magnum opus, The Origins of Totalitarianism, she points out that Darwinism played an essential role in the rise of totalitarian governments in the 20th century. Arendt: Terror leads to atomization. It is routine in totalitarian societies to arrest family and coworkers and even casual acquaintances of victims, simple due to their association with the accused. This leads to a radical atomization of society, because self-isolation is the only strategy by which you can avoid joining your brother or co-worker or friend in Dachau or the basement of Lubyanka.
Vermont Gas Systems Inc,by John Herrick vtdigger.org(link is external) Regulators want to reopen an approved permit for a natural gas pipeline project through Addison County due to an escalation in cost estimates. The Public Service Board will seek a remand from the Vermont Supreme Court for a state permit it approved in December for a 41-mile pipeline from Colchester to Middlebury. The permit is also under appeal by a Monkton landowner.The board said the latest cost estimate to build the project — $154 million, up from the original $86 million — is sufficiently large to warrant further investigation. The Department of Public Service, which represent ratepayers, also wants to reconsider the costs and benefits of the pipeline.The board plans to file the request for a second remand with the high court Friday, according to last week’s order. The board could revoke, change or leave untouched the project’s permit. In the order, the board denied requests by landowners to halt constructionVermont Gas spokeswoman Beth Parent said the company supports the board’s decision to request a remand.Site work being done last fall in Williston for the VGS pipeline. VBM photoOn July 2, Vermont Gas announced a 40 percent cost increase(link is external) to build the pipeline. Pipeline opponents called on regulators to reconsider the company’s state permit, aiming to alter the project or stop it altogether. They argue that air source heat pumps will reduce residential demand for natural gas. They also cast doubt on the credibility of the company’s cost estimates.The Public Service Board then received a remand from the state Supreme Court and held a hearing on the case, but was not convinced by opponents. On Oct.10, the board decided the project was still good for the state, leaving the permit unchanged in light of the cost increase. The Department of Public Service said at the time the project was still a good deal(link is external) for the state.On December 19, the company announced a 27 percent increase(link is external) in the cost of the project to a total of $154 million. Construction costs (link is external)were the principal reason for the increase, and the company still has contracts out to bid at a time when construction is in high demand, it said.The company says its latest cost estimates use different cost categories than previous estimates. The company says it is impossible to directly compare certain original and current budget items. Parent said the change was made because the company is now using industry standard cost-estimate methods.Pipeline opponents again want the project to be reconsidered. They argue heat pumps have continued to grow and oil prices have dropped — together offsetting potential customers and therefore chipping away at the benefits of the project. They also are concerned the cost estimates need greater scrutiny. The Department of Public Service wants to take a closer look now at the costs and benefits of the project.Vermont Gas, argues the project is still a win for the state. Since the last remand, the company released a report detailing hundreds of jobs associated with the project. It has also said that, despite low oil prices, the project still generates nearly $175 million in energy savings over 20 years.The company also said the board could review the new cost estimates without a remand.PHOTO: Members of the Vermont Public Service Board, from left Margaret Cheney, James Volz and John Burke. Photo by John Herrick/VTDigger
Seven Days,Vermont Public Radio,Vermont Business Magazine Vermont Public Radio and Seven Days(link is external) have won a 2020 National Edward R. Murrow award for their 2019 series “Worse For Care(link is external),” a joint investigation into Vermont’s assisted living and residential care homes for the elderly. The award for Investigative Reporting in the Small Market Radio Division(link is external) was presented by the Radio Television Digital News Association on October 10.“It’s an honor to win for a collaborative journalism project that pulled together the best reporting, editing and data skills at our two organizations,” said Sarah Ashworth, VPR’s vice president of news. “By working together we were able to do something much larger in scale than we would have been able to do alone. It’s a good reminder that when two organizations set aside competitive pressures and work toward a common goal, we can have a big impact.”VPR and Seven Days reporters obtained five and a half years’ worth of complaints and state inspections, detailed in thousands of pages of documents. The series revealed troubling patterns of inadequate care that led to dozens of injuries and indignities, and at least five deaths. “Worse for Care” was produced at VPR by Emily Corwin and Mark Davis, and at Seven Days by Derek Brouwer, Matthew Roy, Candace Page and James Buck. In addition to a series of print, digital and on-air stories over four weeks, the project included Vermont Elder Care Navigator, a searchable database at eldercare.sevendaysvt.com(link is external), built by Seven Days data editor Andrea Suozzo, and populated by the project team.”This project was months in the making,” said Seven Days news editor Matthew Roy. “In November 2018, both of our newsrooms reported that the State of Vermont had seized control of three eldercare facilities from an out-of-state owner after food shortages and financial problems. That’s what prompted Andrea Suozzo to file our initial public records requests in January 2019. Unlike nursing homes, which are regulated by the federal government, Vermont’s eldercare facilities are monitored by the state and the recordkeeping discourages public scrutiny. This series helped shed light on the cracks in the system, and made the state’s inspection reports readily accessible. It also familiarized our newsrooms with these issues — knowledge that has helped us cover the coronavirus pandemic.” Since 1971, RTDNA has been honoring outstanding achievements in broadcast and digital journalism with the Edward R. Murrow Awards. Among the most prestigious in news, the Murrow Awards recognize local and national news stories that uphold the RTDNA Code of Ethics, demonstrate technical expertise and exemplify the importance and impact of journalism as a service to the community. Murrow Award-winning work demonstrates the excellence that Edward R. Murrow(link is external) made a standard for the broadcast news profession.A full list of 2020 award winners is available here(link is external). In addition to the Murrow Award, “Worse For Care” won an Association of Alternative Newsmedia(link is external) award — first place in the Innovation category. The AAN awards recognize the most artful, compelling and courageous journalism produced each year by the alternative newsmedia. AAN member publications vary in size and circulation; publications such as the Austin Chronicle, Chicago Reader and Seven Days compete against each other. This year’s competition consisted of entries submitted by 55 publications in the U.S., Canada and Norway.Source: Colchester, Vt.—Vermont Public Radio and Seven Days(link is external) 10.15.2020
According to the organisers of Ironman 70.3 Ireland, the 2011 event generated over €10 million for the local economy in Galway. For the inaugural 2011 Ironman 70.3 Ireland, 2164 athletes registered to participate in the race and 82.1% were from outside Galway county:Overall, 19.8% of athletes were from outside of Ireland.Non-local athletes stayed an average of 3.15 nights in Galway city and yielded a cumulative spend of €1,405,962. Of this figure, €552,034 can be attributed to overseas athletes.Calculations show that the economic impact to Galway city from athletes’, supporters’ and spectators’ spend, was just under €6.3 million.Added to this was direct expenditure by the local organisers into the local economy and additional income derived by local retailers. With a multiplier used to map the knock-on effect of each Euro spent, the organisers note that the event generated – directly and indirectly – an impact of €10,020,013.The Ironman 70.3 Ireland event saw people compete from over 40 different countries around the world and €60,000 was collected for Croí and Irish Autism Action.Ronan Gilligan of local race organiser E&R Events said ,“We are over the moon that in these difficult times we were able to bring this type of boost to the region. The boost does not take into consideration the indirect benefit to Galway and Ireland from the events being broadcast all around the world in key markets such as the North America, the UK and continental Europe.”The event is returning to Galway for its second year on Sunday 2 September 2012. Kevin Stewart, Managing Director of Ironman UK and Ireland said “We are excited about returning to Galway with Ironman 70.3 Ireland in 2012 and are confident that the event will only exceed expectations of athletes and supporters.“This year we welcomed a wide range of athletes, from those doing their first 70.3 race to internationally renowned competitors. This is a great chance to get involved in a scenic and challenging race towards the end of the 2012 season.”www.ironmanireland.com Related
This June 12, 2017 photo shows a meat and potatoes steakhouse salad in Coronado, Calif. This dish is from a recipe by Melissa d’Arabian. (Melissa d’Arabian via AP) Generations of Americans have grown up heralding meat and potatoes as the classic dinner of choice. Who doesn’t love the taste of that time-honored combination, filling our bellies with the comfort of a juicy, fatty steak and fluffy, carby spuds? Just thinking about it is enough to make us pine for the 1950s when this was considered a healthy meal.I have good news, however. I have discovered that with a little creativity, any main dish can be turned into a salad, scratching the itch without ditching nutrition. So yes, meat and potatoes can be made healthier, and lighter, which is a bonus for summertime eating.Try my Meat and Potatoes Steakhouse Salad recipe. It stretches just one 8-ounce steak into feeding four people, which means alongside that tasty steak, each person will also be filled up with a slew of veggies. I used filet mignon because it’s a lean cut of beef, and since only a couple of ounces of meat needed per person, the whole dish remains reasonably priced.Cute baby potatoes on the salad mean you’ll also feel satisfied in a way that frankly only comes from a starchy side. In fact, the entire salad celebrates steakhouse flavors, including garlicky meaty mushrooms, flash-cooked asparagus, tomatoes, blue cheese, chives and a creamy dressing made from Dijon mustard and aromatic tarragon. It’s like the steakhouse menu itself morphed into a complete meal on a plate. At 322 calories per serving, you might have steak and potatoes a little more often. MEAT AND POTATOES STEAKHOUSE SALADServings: 4Start to finish: 25 minutes6 cups of baby spinach or mixed greens1 8-ounce filet mignon, trimmed of visible fat1/2 teaspoon granulated garlic1 tablespoon olive oil8 ounces sliced white mushrooms2 cloves garlic, minced1/2 pound asparagus, steamed until just barely tender1/2 pound baby potatoes, boiled until tender4 small tomatoes, quartered1 ounce blue cheese, in crumbles or chunks3 tablespoons chopped fresh chivesTarragon-Dijon Dressing:2 tablespoons Dijon mustard2 tablespoons red wine vinegar2 tablespoons water1 tablespoon olive oil1 teaspoon dried tarragon (or 2 teaspoons fresh)salt and pepperPlace the greens on a large platter and set aside.Heat a heavy saute pan over medium high heat. Sprinkle the steak with salt, pepper, granulated garlic and half of the olive oil and then cook in the pan until cooked to desired doneness, about 3-5 minutes per side. Remove the steak from the pan and set aside to rest.In the same saute pan, add the remaining olive oil, mushrooms and garlic and cook just until mushrooms begin to soften, about 3 minutes. Sprinkle with salt and set aside.Make the dressing: Whisk together the Dijon mustard, vinegar, olive oil and tarragon until creamy. Add salt and pepper to taste. Layer all the salad ingredients on top of the spinach and drizzle with the dressing and serve. (May be chilled if preferred, but I like the slight warmth of the steak, mushrooms and potatoes on the salad.)Nutrition information per serving: 322 calories; 122 calories from fat; 14 g fat (4 g saturated; 0 g trans fats); 61 mg cholesterol; 493 mg sodium; 25 g carbohydrate; 7 g fiber; 6 g sugar; 25 g protein.Online: https://www.melissadarabian.net